Warfare has changed its form over time. Use of strategic moves and intelligence has eliminated the need for using weapons. With the use of technology and strategy, it is easier and more effective to cripple an economy than to fight it with guns and missiles. The Chinese have been innovative when it comes to the offensive in war. Years ago, gunpowder was the work of China, and today, the whole world is scared of China’s hacker army.
At present, every form of war can be averted with proper diplomatic relations, but a war fought from behind closed doors, a war that is dismissed constantly as mere speculation, is too hard to trace or fight back. In spite of this, the US Congress has come out in the offensive mode, and it wants to fight cyber-warfare with its own counter cyber-warfare.
As mentioned in this document,
…in certain instances, the most effective way to deal with threats and protect U.S. and coalition forces is to undertake offensive military cyber activities, including where the role of the United States Government is not apparent or to be acknowledged.
This was laid down on December 12, as the National Defense Authorization Act.
While this grants that the US Government has the power to carry out cyber-warfare, it also makes it vulnerable to the same criticisms that China faces today. Moreover, while other governments are not answerable for this, the US government will be held answerable, now that it has declared its plan.