Ubuntu Will Switch to a User Mode X Server Soon

Ubuntu has already switched to a kernel mode setting to run most of the OS components. A primary advantage of kernel mode setting is that it lets us run OS components seamlessly without too much of swapping and context switching. This nifty feature present from kernel 2.6.32 onwards has been used on Intel, AMD and NVidia hardware and is already in place in Ubuntu Lucid Lynx.

A better understanding of Kernel Mode Setting (KMS) is provided here:

Kernel Mode Setting is all about taking the bulk of the Graphics Driver code out of the X server and putting it into the Kernel.  This means that the kernel has Graphics Drivers just like the kernel has Network Card Drivers, Wireless Drivers, USB Drivers, etc.

Most importantly, the kernel can set the mode whenever we need to and restore it on resume.  The three most user-visible results of this are:

  • a high-color, high-resolution splash screen during boot with a seamless (no black screen) transition into the X server
  • fast and seamless transition between X servers when user switching
  • extraordinarily fast resume from suspend directly into graphics (no blinking text cursor)

This was all about kernel mode setting running on Lucid though, at the latest Ubuntu Developer Summit in Brussels, there were talks on moving X.Org Server to the user-space and running it as a normal user instead of the current root. This can already be seen in Moblin.

The only  hindrance  in this is the presence of hardware that does not use KMS already. This change is expected to appear in Ubuntu 11.04 by the earlier.
(Via: Phoronix)

Upgrade to Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx from Karmic Koala

Upgrading to Ubuntu Lucid Lynx is quick and  easy. There are two methods available for the upgrade. You can either do it online or, you can use the Alternate Install CD from Ubuntu.

If you prefer to do it online, follow this step by step guide here. Though, if you do not have a reliable internet connection, a better option is to do it offline. To start with, get hold of the Alternate Install CD.

First  download the ISO from this location.  Now you have three options. Burn the Alternate CD ISO to a disk, transfer it to a thumb drive or mount the ISO locally.

If you choose the last option, mount the ISO with this command:

sudo mount -o loop /dir/ubuntu-10.04-alternate-i386.iso /media/cdrom0

Here “dir” is the path to which you have copied your Alternate Install CD ISO.

As soon as the mount is complete, a dialog will pop up asking you to upgrade. Complete the steps and let it install. This will upgrade your system to Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx LTS. Enjoy.

(Via: Webupd8)

Create Bootable Ubuntu 10.04 Installation Disk with Unetbootin

Ubuntu 10.04 is available from the Ubuntu homepage in various flavors. You can chose the one best suited to your need but the problem here is that most of them are ISO files and you will go around looking for a CD to burn the ISO.
unetbootin

Let me tell you, that is not necessary. You can install Ubuntu from a portable hard-drive or a thumb drive also. All you need is a simple application named Unetbootin which is available for Windows and is built into Ubuntu.

In Windows

Go to the Unetbootin SourceForge hosting page to download it. The download is sized at under 500 KB and has options to create a bootable drive for installing Ubuntu from a downloaded ISO. It can also download Ubuntu and create the bootable disk automatically.

In Ubuntu

Go to the Create Startup Disk option under System->Administration->Create a USB startup disk. Here you will find a simple interface explaining it all.

These are the two methods to create bootable Ubuntu disks in both Windows and Ubuntu. Now that you know how to install ,get hold of a thumb drive, download the ISO and follow this installation guide.

Ubuntu 10.04 Feature Tour Video

With the release of Ubuntu 10.04, feature tours, installation and other videos have started springing up. You can read about them all you want but nothing works like a visual.

The 10.04 Lucid Lynx has some nifty new features and this video will tell us about most of those features in details.

Although this release is in high speculation it is not as perfectly designed as the version 9.1 was. This is because of some core changes which will need time for a better overall integration with the overall environment. Lets hope for the best with the next release.

Download Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx ISO (Final Release)

Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx has finally been released as per the homepage and is available for download. You can get it at the official website as an ISO.

ubuntu-10.04-lucid-download

Get your Copy Of Ubuntu

Download ISO

The download of Ubuntu Lucid Lynx ISO is available now. Download Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx ISO here.

Sized at just around 700 MB, the ISO can be burnt to a CD or you can create a bootable USB drive following  this tutorial.

Order Free CD

The free CD order takes quite some time to arrive which ranges from 7 to 10 weeks. Order this if you do not have a fast internet connection. Order at this page.

Things to know about the Latest Version

This latest release of Ubuntu has some cool new features and has been developed for a long time now. It is appealing in both visual aspects and performance. There are new versions of most software like Firefox and Empathy. If you are not aware of this, you can get an overview of some exciting new features included in Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx final release.

Along with that, Ubuntu 10.04 also features a Ubuntu Manual which will guide you through the installation process and makes using Ubuntu fun. The manual is only 4.5 MB in size and is highly recommended if you are beginning with Ubuntu.

An earlier X.Org memory leak seems to have been fixed in this final release and you can also order you free Ubuntu copy. Learn more about ordering Ubuntu by free CD.

Foss Friday: Ubuntu 10.04 RC, Memory Leak in X.Org on Ubuntu 10.04 RC, Ubuntu Shipping FREE CDs and more

This is Ubuntu’s week in FOSS and it is to stay this way till the launch of Ubuntu. Canonical has recently faced some problem relating to its flagship product Ubuntu which includes the next version. The version 10.04 of Ubuntu is around the corner and Ubuntu fans all over the world are gearing up for it.

News

  • Ubuntu 10.04 RC Release
  • Canonical  has just released the RC of Ubuntu 10.04 LTS. This marks the release candidate indicating that the product is due in time. Ubuntu 10.04 RC has all the final features that the final version of Ubuntu 10.04 will have. Want to download the RC? Get it here.

  • Memory Leak in X.Org on Ubuntu
  • This memory leak has resulted from a patch which was released to prevent GLX 1.4 crashes. Developers are unable to fix this and the GLX will possibly be rolled back to version 1.2. This problem is being considered urgent and is the top priority at Canonical right now. Read more at this post on Techie Buzz.

How To

  • How to get a free Ubuntu 10.04 CD if you are from UK
  • Ubuntu shipit is open but apparently, it is not shipping out any CDs currently. Although, there is an alternative way to get free Ubuntu CDs if you are in the UK. OS Disks is giving out free Ubuntu CDs at their shop. Simply go to this page and order a free CD. It looks like a shopping portal but the CD is free to buy. Unfortunately, it works only for people in the UK. Read more at OmgUbuntu!.

We are nearing the Ubuntu release and will do a full coverage of its release, download and features. Stay tuned.

Install Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx Beta 2 using Wubi

Just couple of days ago, Canonical had announced the release of the second beta of Ubuntu Linux. I wanted to try out the second beta ( I haven’t tried the 10.04 series yet) – but being a beta version I thought I’ll do a Wubi install, instead of a traditional install. Once I mounted the ISO file and launched Wubi, I ran into a roadblock.

Wubi on the beta ISO proceeded to download the current stable version,i.e., Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala, instead of proceeding to install Lucid. I thought I had downloaded the wrong ISO image, so I went back to the releases page, and just as I was about to redownload the ISO, I spotted at the very end of the page, a link to wubi.exe. Feeling curious to try it out, I proceeded to download, and voilà! Wubi install of Lucid was underway.

Bad news, however is that if you’ve already downloaded Lucid CD image, Wubi will proceed to re-download the ISO image. I tried putting my downloaded ISO image in wubi\install folder, and tried to start Wubi install. That, however, resulted in Wubi asking me to uninstall the existing version. In the end, I had to download the CD image again.

If you want to know more about Wubi and how to do a dual boot Windows and Linux install, do refer to our previous guide on dual booting Ubuntu and Windows using Wubi.

FOSS Friday: Ubuntu 10.04 Beta 1 Available, Oracle Says OpenSolaris Will Live And Lots More

Welcome to another edition of FOSS Friday, where we wrap up the week’s news and tips on FOSS.

News

  • Ubuntu 10.04 LTS Beta 1 now available

After a delay of a day due to certain critical issues, Canonical has announced the availability of first beta Ubuntu 10.04. Apart from being a Long Term Support (LTS) release the 10.04 version gets a visual facelift, dropping its traditional brown colour scheme for a much lighter colour scheme.

  • OpenSolaris will live

OpenSolaris users have been apprehensive about the long term availability of the OS, especially considering the fact that Oracle now owns Solaris due to its acquisition of Sun Microsystems. Adding to the uncertainty, there was barely any mention about OpenSolaris when Oracle executives discussed their plans for Solaris in the near future. To dispell these fears, Dan Roberts, director of Solaris product management at Oracle stated “Oracle will continue to make OpenSolaris available as open source, and Oracle will continue to actively support and participate in the community”.

  • Linus Torvalds named most influential open source blogger

A study conducted by Infoworld concludes that Linus Torvalds is the most influential open source blogger, and that his opinions are considered as highly regarded in the Open Source world. Joining him in the list are other promineent open source voices, including Tim O’Reilly, Google’s Chris Messina, and Mono founder Miguel de Icaza.

Tips And Features

  • Ubuntu 10.04’s five best new features

Popular Linux blogger and evangelist SJVN talks about the new Ubuntu 10.04’s best new features – which include a manual(!), extensive integration with popular social networking sites and the fantastic new theme.

  • Some FOSS Financial and Accounting software

Tech Source has a compilation of some awesome FOSS financial and accounting software including Grisbi, jGnash and KMyMoney. If you ask me however, GnuCash is my preferred utility.

  • Two note taking applications compared

LinuxInsider compares two note taking applications, XPad and Tomboy. If you use Tomboy across several machines, Clif Sipe has a neat tip to keep all your notes the same across several machines using Dropbox.

That’s it for this edition of FOSS Friday. Do post a comment if you would like to add a tip or two or have any suggestions!