Install Gnome 3 Shell in Ubuntu Karmic Koala [How To]

The Gnome 3 desktop for Linux is planned to be released in early 2010. But you can experience it in Ubuntu Karmic Koala through Gnome 3 Shell. We will show, how you can try out all the features of Gnome 3 thorugh Gnome 3 Shell.

Here is a screenshot of Gnome 3 shell:

Gnome 3 Shell

Step by step instructions:

  1. Open a Terminal and run this command to install the Gnome Shell:
  2. sudo apt-get install gnome-shell

  3. After the installation is complete, you can start it by running the following command in the Terminal:
  4. gnome-shell --replace

  5. If your graphics is rendered by the Intel GPU and you are getting a blank screen after running the previous command, you can fix it by running this command in the Terminal:
  6. export GNOME_SHELL_DISABLE_TFP=1

Note: Gnome Shell is still in the development stage and there is always a possibility that if may break some parts of your Ubuntu installation. We do not take any responsibility for that, and request you to try it on your own risk.

[Image Credit]

Achievements of Open-Source Products in 2009

Open Source
Open Source

From the launch of Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala, to the continued improvements in Firefox, open source products achieved a lot in 2009. While established products like OpenOffice continued to flourish, we saw the emergence of new and promising contenders like Chrome OS. Here is a highlight on what open source community, as a whole achieved this year:

Drupal

Drupal
Drupal

The Drupal content management system runs Whitehouse.gov and dozens of other high-profile Web sites. Acquia, a startup in charge of commercializing Drupal, has received more than $18 million in venture capital to date, which is testimony the success of Drupal.

Ubuntu

Ubuntu
Ubuntu

In October, Canonical released Ubuntu 9.10, code-named “Karmic Koala,” which enables companies to build their own cloud computing environments on their own servers and hardware. As it has done with desktop and server Linux, Canonical aims to take a pioneering role in cloud computing, and this release is the first step in that direction.

Git

Git
Git

Git, a distributed version control system created by Linus Torvalds to manage the Linux kernel, has very quickly entered the mainstream since its creation less than 3 years ago. The documentation that comes with Git describes it as “a fast, scalable, distributed revision control system with an unusually rich command set”.

SUSE Studio

SUSE Studio
SUSE Studio

Novell launched Suse Studio in July as part of its Suse Appliance Program. So far, Linux users and developers are impressed with what Suse Studio brings to them, in terms of simplicity and functionality.

Chrome OS

Chrome OS
Chrome OS

Unveiled in July, Chrome OS, an open-source system that initially will be targeted at netbooks, is Google’s bid to offer a fast, lightweight and secure way to find information online. Google released Chrome OS to open source in November and revealed its intention to partner with as-yet-unknown hardware vendors to bring Chrome OS-powered netbooks to market in time for next year’s holiday season.

OpenOffice

Open Office
Open Office

In October, OpenOffice.org proudly declared that more than 100 million visitors had clicked on the Web site’s ‘Download OpenOffice.org’ button since version 3.0 of the software was released in October 2008. OpenOffice is being adopted by more and more users because of its increased interoperability with Microsoft Office.

Firefox

Firefox
Firefox

Mozilla’s Firefox Web browser passed the one billion download. No need to talk about its speed and performance, which always continues to be better.

Ubuntu 9.10: Karmic Koala Frequently Asked Questions [FAQ]

Here are quick answers to some of the most frequently asked questions (FAQ’s) , by new users , for Karmic Koala:

How should I download Ubuntu Karmic Koala ?

You can download Karmic Koala using torrents to keep the strain minimal on Ubuntu servers. Users also have an option to download files from their ftp servers. You can also upgrade to Karmic Koala from previous installations of Ubuntu. Read a guide on How you can upgrade to Karmic Koala.

Are there any customized Ubuntu distributions for my netbook ?

You can install   Ubuntu netbook remix edition , but now you can also try out Kubuntu netbook edition .

Does Karmic Koala have any issues with Audio Support ?

Most users using Karmic Koala do not have any problems with the sound. However you can tweak ALSA-mixer a bit , if you are facing problems with the sound.

How can I install or uninstall new software in Karmic Koala ?

The Add/Remove programs option in Karmic Koala has been replaced with new the Ubuntu software center. You will need to use the new software center to install new programs or uninstall the existing ones.

Does Ubuntu Software Center sell proprietary software ?

Currently Ubuntu software center only provides users with an option to install free and Open Source Software (OSS). However , there are plans to allow commercial developers an opportunity to sell their software through the software center by next year.

Why is Pidgin missing from Karmic Koala ?

Pidgin IM has been replaced by a new instant messenger called Empathy. You can always install Pidgin from the software center , however , Empathy has some advantages over Pidgin , which include::

Are there new improvements for visual appearance in Karmic Koala ?

Yes , there are softer icons , and a new orange wallpaper.

Can Amarok play CD’s now ?

Until previous version of Ubuntu (Jaunty Jackalope) , Amarok had problems in playing audio cd. But in Karmic Koala the problem is fixed , and Amarok can audio cd.

Does Intel Graphics card work properly in Karmic Koala ?

Yes it has improved a lot from previous versions of Ubuntu Linux , and users of Intel graphics cards can instantaneously resume their PC from suspend mode , which was a big problem in previous versions

I upgraded from Jaunty Jackalope to Karmic Koala, and sound is not working in my PC. What should i do ?

Goto Terminal and run this command:
uname -r

If it displays “2.6.31-14-generic” then you have successfully upgraded to Karmic Koala.
If it still displays “2.6.28-16-generic” , you’re not running Karmic’s kernel.

Some people are also having trouble with GRUB not showing new kernel of Karmic Koala in boot menu.
To fix this problem,goto terminal and   run this command:
sudo update-grub

and then reboot.

[ via :  http://ubuntulinuxtipstricks.blogspot.com/2009/10/karmic-faq.html ]

Tutorial Spotlight: Upgrade to Ubuntu Lucid Lynx (10.04) from Ubuntu Karmic Koala (9.10)

All you geeks out there, who have 3-4 boxes sitting around running different distros, here is an easy way to upgrade to Ubuntu Lucid Lynx 10.04 from Ubuntu Karmic Koala 9.10. Please note that Lucid Lynx is in alpha, so do it at your own risk.

Step 1: Open a terminal window on your Koala and type this:

   1: sudo sed -i 's/karmic/lucid/g' /etc/apt/sources.list && sudo aptitude update && sudo aptitude dist-upgrade

Step 2: Upgrade Karmic Koala to Lucid Lynx

   1: sudo aptitude install update-manager-core
   2: sudo do-release-upgrade -d

Since we already know that you are geek when you are reading this, all disclaimers are kept aside. Just kidding, upgrade on your own risk and don’t do production machines, since Lucid Lynx is still in alpha. Head over and download the Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx ISO, if you would prefer to do a fresh install.

Tutorial Spotlight was presented from WebUpd8 on the tutorial to upgrade to Ubuntu Lucid Lynx.

Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala Beta Released [Downloads]

Hot on the heels of the openSUSE milestone 8 release, the Ubuntu community has released the beta version of Ubuntu 9.10, aka Karmic Koala.

Koala_by_DisenchantedPhotos[1]

There are several new exciting features included in the latest beta version of Ubuntu which include:

Upstart – An event based replacement on how tasks and services are started during the boot process.

Boot Experience – Improvements on the overall look and feel of booting the system.

Software Center – Ubuntu 9.10 include the Ubuntu Software center, which replaces the Add/Remove in the applications menu.

GNOME – Ubuntu 9.10 includes GNOME 2.28 desktop environment which replaces Pigdin with Empathy as the default instant message client. In addition to that, the login manager has undergone a complete rewrite to permit a more integrated login experience.

More features include:

  • Application development with Quickly
  • Kubuntu 9.10 which is the first Kubuntu netbook release.
  • Ubuntu Enterprise Cloud Images.
  • Ubuntu One file sharing.
  • Linux kernel 2.6.31
  • hal deprecation.
  • New Intel video driver architecture.
  • ext4 by default.
  • GRUB 2 by default.
  • iSCSI installation
  • AppArmor
  • New Profiles
  • Libvirt
  • Uncomplicated Firewall

For the entire list of features read the Karmic Koala release page.

Ubuntu 9.10 Download Mirrors

Upgrading from Ubuntu 9.04

To upgrade from Ubuntu 9.04 on a desktop system, press Alt+F2 and type in “update-manager -d” (without the quotes) into the command box. Update Manager should open up and tell you: New distribution release ‘9.10’ is available. Click Upgrade and follow the on-screen instructions.

To upgrade from Ubuntu 9.04 on a server system: install theupdate-manager-core package if it is not already installed; edit/etc/update-manager/release-upgrades and setPrompt=normal; launch the upgrade tool with the commandsudo do-release-upgrade -d; and follow the on-screen instructions.

You’ve Seen What The Jackalope is Like; Now Discover The Karmic Koala

It has only been a few days when Ubuntu 9.04 aka the Jaunty Jackalope was released. We appraised it on Techie Buzz and it got some cracking reviews from the community.

Sporting a polished interface with many new goodies, Ubuntu Jaunty was more about betterments than new startling innovations. With each new each new version, Ubuntu gets better. Jaunty did just that.

Following Ubuntu’s 6 month release cycle, the next Ubuntu release after 9.04 will be Ubuntu 9.10 which has been named as Karmic Koala. It will succeed Ubuntu 9.04 and improvise on the features introduced by it.

Koala_by_DisenchantedPhotos

A Wild Koala ( © by DisenchantedPhotos )

If you didn’t like JJ you’ll probably like KK, you know, it probably gets better every time. Though we have about six months left for the release, it’s always interesting to know what’s in store for the future.

The Desktop & Netbook

Following what came with Jaunty, the desktop version of 9.10 will feature even faster boot times. Yes, even faster than 17.5 seconds, plans Mark Shuttleworth. Adopting to what Red Hat always had, the Ubuntu team is plans to incorporate a graphical boot (no more usplash) supported by all video cards. They are also focusing hard on netbook support as well as their netbook edition for low powered netbooks which will now support a larger range of netbooks available in the market.

Ubuntu may make an exception as the team claims that the netbook edition is so built that it would boot in 25 seconds. Now that’s a netbook! For both the desktop and netbook release, the dev team is considering a change from the classic brown shade in the default theme Human’. The brown theme has been there since the beginning and is one thing that people are tired of in Ubuntu. Well, now they can have a new shiny and snappy theme and they can rule the world with it.

The Server

Further expanding the cloud computing features that came with Jaunty Jackalope, Ubuntu is now adapting to the Eucalyptus project which will further allow people to create and deploy their own clouds by using simple tools. It will enable webmasters to create an Amazon EC2-style cloud in your own data center, on your own hardware. Mark Shuttleworth notes:

It’s no coincidence that Eucalyptus has just been uploaded to universe and will be part of Jaunty – during the Karmic cycle we expect to make those clouds dance, with dynamically growing and shrinking resource allocations depending on your needs.

Apparently, amongst other features, 9.10 will probably sport a new Gnome version and X.Org server for better hardware support.

Flavors of Ubuntu like Kubuntu and Xubuntu will feature the above though they will also come with their own specific additions like an updated KDE 4.3 for Kubuntu which is gaining popularity these days. We all have our eyes set on the Koala for its ambition to take over OSX in design (and pwn Windows for everything and anything)

Release Cycle

You can follow the release cycle for Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala to keep a tab on its progress.

May 14th, 2009 – Alpha 1 release
June 11th, 2009 – Alpha 2 release
July 23th, 2009 – Alpha 3 release
August 13th, 2009 – Alpha 4 release
September 3rd, 2009 – Alpha 5 release
September 17th, 2009 – Alpha 6 release
October 1st, 2009 – Beta release
October 22nd, 2009 – Release Candidate
October 29th, 2009 – Final release of Ubuntu 9.10

Just wait a fortnight and we’ll see what’s in for surprise with the first alpha releasing.

Moreover, if you live in Barcelona or just need an excuse to travel there, you have a great opportunity to attend the Ubuntu Developer Summit which is going to be held there this May. You can look forward to some insights into the development of Koala and enjoy a first look for things coming with it.