I’ve been playing with the latest version of Fedora since the past few days. Much like how Ubuntu has a command-line based software installer called apt-get, Fedora comes with yum.
I was trying to update my Fedora install to the latest version of packages and noticed that all my downloads were incredibly slow.
No doubt, this was a result of the mirrors selected being overloaded/ saturated or just too slow. Here’s 2 tips to improve your download speeds.
Yum Plugins – FastestMirror And Axelget
In addition to Yum’s support for delta RPMs(which is awesome) yum also supports plugins. Two incredibly helpful plugins that help improve download speeds are
FastestMirror connects to each mirror, times the connection and sorts the mirrors that yum can use thereby improving the download speeds. Installing fastest mirror is quite easy, type in
yum install yum-plugin-fastestmirror
To install the plugin. You’ll need to have root privileges, else this will fail. Once installed, confirm that it is enabled by checking for presence of below files in
verbose = 0
socket_timeout = 3
enabled = 1
hostfilepath = /var/cache/yum/timedhosts.txt
maxhostfileage = 1
You can even explicitly set to exclude specific mirror by adding
to the above file, replacing slow-mirror1.com with your specific mirrors.
Axel is a pretty well-known command line download tool. Much like how IDM/FDM work, Axel uses the same concept of splitting the current file into multiple pieces and downloading them simultaneously, instead of one download at a time. Axel is the same tool which powers apt-fast, a tool to speed up program downloads / upgrades in Ubuntu. Setting up axelget is a bit more involved process.
- Download axelget.conf file. Once done, copy it to
sudo cp axelget.conf /etc/yum/pluginconf.d/
- Download axelget.py file. Once done, copy it to
sudo cp axelget.py /usr/lib/yum-plugins/
To confirm that the plugins are working, do a
. Yum should list out all the plugins in use
[root@caldeum sathya]# yum install git
Loaded plugins: axelget, fastestmirror, langpacks, presto, refresh-packagekit
That’s about it. With these two plugins, your downloads should be much faster.
Note: This should work for all distros supporting yum, I’ve tested this only on the current version of Fedora though.