Linux Mint is an easy to use Linux distribution that is based on Ubuntu. One of the main advantage of Linux Mint has been its polish and ease of use. Recently with Ubuntu adopting the Unity UI, many Ubuntu users have migrated to Linux Mint.
Yesterday, the Linux Mint developers have announced that they will not base Linux Mint 11 KDE on Kubuntu. Instead, it will be based on Debian. It is worth remembering here that Ubuntu itself is based on Debian. By going to Debian directly, Linux Mint is cutting out the polish and features that Ubuntu brings.
Then why are they moving to Debian? Simple, the Kubuntu base needed too much resource and lacked performance. Kubuntu has never enjoyed a good reputed among KDE SC users. Most users of KDE SC will tell you that Kubuntu is one of the worst distributions for KDE.
Almost all the major Linux distributions are using LibreOffice instead of OpenOffice. Today, it has been announced that Debian Squeeze too will get LibreOffice in the backports.
LibreOffice has been available in Debian Wheezy and Debian Sid for a while now. But in the stable release, Debian Squeeze, it is not available. As a Debian policy, new packages are never introduced in the core repository of a stable release. So, it is very unlikely that Debian Squeeze will ever get LibreOffice in its main repository.
So, users of Debian Squeeze who wanted LibreOffice will have to install it from either the unstable or testing archive. However, Debian Squeeze users will no longer have to do that as LibreOffice has been made available in the Squeeze Backports.
How to install LibreOffice in Debian Squeeze from backports
Note: Installing LibreOffice will remove OpenOffice.
To install LibreOffice from the Squeeze backports, you need to add the backports first. To do that open the Terminal and execute:
$ sudo vi /etc/apt/sources.list
Now add the line given below and save the file.
# deb http://backports.debian.org/debian-backports squeeze-backports main
With Linux 3.0 on its way, the Debian developers have decided to move the Debian Wheezy development from Linux 2.6 to Linux 3.0.
Debian Wheezy is the successor to Debian Squeeze, which was was released earlier this year. Currently it is in development and is available from Sid.
As I have mentioned in the earlier article, Linux 3.0 brings no changes to the API or the ABI. So, moving Wheezy from Linux 2.6 to Linux 3.0 will not be a very difficult task. The developers will have to shorten the version string in their scripts to account for the new version system though.
The challenges to moving to Linux 3.0 are modifying the build scripts and some other programs which uses the version number. Build scripts usually check for a prefix of either 2.4 or 2.6. To account for Linux 3.0, the scripts will have to be modified.
Another challenge will come from the change in the version number system. Prior to Linux 3.0, the kernels are given a version number which consists of three numbers for example Linux 2.6.39. With the new system, the third number has been done away with and the version number consist of only two numbers for example Linux 3.0.
The modifications required to be made to the scripts and programs to account for these are not very big modifications. So, moving to Linux 3.0 should go smoothly for Wheezy. The Linux 2.6 packages will no longer be maintained after it has Wheezy has been moved to Linux 3.0.
The kernel team will not maintain linux-2.6 vs linux-3.0 packages. We will change the binary metapackages whose names include ‘2.6’ into transitional packages, to be removed after ‘wheezy’, and we may rename the source packages linux-2.6 and linux-latest-2.6.